Updated: Oct 30
The base of one the feed point poles, which are about 25-30 meters tall. Note the open wire "Tapered Feed" system wires coming down the poles to provide a broadband match on HF, About 1 meter (39") wide at the top tapering down to less than 3" at the feed-point. Rhombics have a high input impedance of about 600-900 ohms, so it's not a trivial matter to achieve a match to 50 ohm coax while still retaining the very broadband nature inherent to the terminated rhombic. This led K0UO to do some research on "tapered lines", the result of which is shown in the pictures above. After several prototypes, K0UO settled on the tapered 2-wire transmission line shown here, which is a modified exponential taper. The exponential feeder is used to match (not tune) the feeding either end of antenna using 600 ohm open two-wire line, from the control box to the 600-800 ohm rhombic feedpoint. It's basically the poor man's broadbanded transformer. As the figure implies, there is an exponential feedline at the feed end and also at the termination end. The exponential feedline allows the appropriate impedance across the entire useful frequency range of the rhombic.
The key concept with traveling-wave type antennas is that there are no standing waves, on the antenna itself, the current and voltage levels are the same everywhere along the antenna conductors, but you still have to match it to the fed-line. The Northern European on 40 meters is 5 to 6 wave-Lengths on long on each of the four sides, this may be the largest 40 meter Rhombic antenna in current ham use. The site also has two 1200' Vee-beams as part of the system. Up to 6 Beverage receive slow traveling-wave antennas are used in the winter months, each 1000 to 2000ft.
The Rhombic antenna is a wide-band progressive traveling-wave (fast-wave) antenna, made of two acute-angle V-beams placed end-to-end and terminated in an open circuit or in a resistive load. Each side of the antenna is made of two legs of length "L" and as a whole the antenna has the shape of a rhombus, that is, the opposite angles are of the same value. The non-terminated rhombic antenna is bi-directional, whereas the terminated rhombic antenna is directional. The rhombic antenna is useful over a wide frequency range. Although some changes in gain, directivity, and characteristic impedance do occur with a change in operating frequency, these changes are small enough to be neglected. So no waiting for a rotator to turn, the system has every direction, every band, every time.
The Northern European rhombic antenna was the main European work horse before the Curtain was installed, it was completed on June 6, 2016. That date coincides with the Normandy invasion of Europe in World War II, and is fitting for an 40 meter antenna that has opened Europe up to a station located in Western Kansas. However a new European Curtain antenna was installed in 2019 and has twice the gain.